Confucianism in Modern Japan

M. NAKAJIMA Takahiro 中島隆博, Professeur à l’Institut de culture orientale de l’Université de Tôkyô, est invité à l’EHESS en mai 2017.

Formé en philosophie à l’Université de Tokyo, M. NAKAJIMA a écrit sur le Taoïsme et sur de nombreux penseurs du vingtième siècle, qu’ils soient occidentaux (Deleuze, Lévi-Strauss), chinois (Hu Shi) ou japonais (Nishida Kitaro). Il est l’un des meilleurs spécialistes d’un phénomène de grande ampleur qui traverse tout le monde sinisé: le renouveau confucéen.

Durant son séjour, M. NAKAJIMA donnera une série de conférences dont la deuxième le 18 mai 2017 dans le cadre du Séminaire collectif du Centre de recherches sur le Japon. Les conférences se tiendront en anglais.

Abstract

In the process of modernization in Japan, Confucianism played an important role to educate modern intellectuals. Mishima Chūshū was a founder of Nishōgakusha, in which Confucianism mainly based upon modern Yōmeigaku as well as modern law influenced by French law were taught. It was not an institute of traditional Confucian education, but a modern institute for modern scholarship. Natsume Sōseki who was one of the alumni of Nishōgakusha and became the first national novelist in modern Japan was deeply influenced by Mishima and his teaching of Confucianism. Nakae Chōmin who was a representative Yōmeigaku scholar and a translator of Jean-Jacques Rousseau was also impacted by Mishima. By focusing on the influence to students such as Sōseki and Chōmin, I would like to figure out the overlook of Confucian Education at Nishōgakusha and put it in a wider context of Meiji Education. Then I turn to think of philosophy of Mishima himself, especially focusing on his “doctrine of the unification of moral righteousness and profit” 義利合一論, which supported Japanese capitalism from the ideological point of view in tandem with Shibusawa Eiichi. As a conclusion, I would like to sketch one aspect of Confucian education in Modern Japan not as a simple reactionary conservatism, but as a modern device of Japanese modernity.

Jeudi 18 mai de 11h00 à 13h00
EHESS, Salle 7, 105 boulevard Raspail 75006 Paris

Résumé

 

Yasuko D'Hulst

Ingénieure d'études, documentaliste

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The Edo Era in the History of Japanese Nationalism

Conférence de Kenichirô MIURA  三浦顕一郎, Professeur au Hakuoh University, dans le cadre du séminaire collectif du Centre Japon.

Recently nationalism seems to rise in Japan. On the other hand, there are people who criticize that trend. When they feel uneasy about rise of nationalism, what they keep in mind is the history that nationalism before and during World War II led Japan to the ruin. What was a trait of nationalism in pre-war Japan, and how was it formed?

In this presentation, I deal with the formative period of Japanese nationalism. It is only a beginning of the history of pre-war Japanese nationalism, but I think it put seals on things to come. I explain the follows.

First, I consider the influence of the Edo era on Japanese nationalism. Japanese nationalism started with the external pressure in the latter period in the Edo era. The environment that produced it had to be formed already during the Edo era. I insist that people of the Edo era had national consciousness and had consciousness to belong to a community which shared the same culture, though Japan of those days was under the national seclusion and feudalism which divided Japanese society. On the other hand, the class system and class consciousness were stiff. The former made it easy to build a united state, and the latter made it difficult to form the nation after the Meiji Restoration.

Second, I consider a nationalist movement since the coming of the U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry’s fleet in 1853. Especially I focus on the formation of the nation and a state in Japan. In conclusion I point out that building of a united state was relatively easy, but formation of the nation was difficult. So the Meiji government made efforts to make the nation as the subject of the emperor.

Jeudi 20 mars 2014 de 11h à 13h
Salle 2 EHESS, 105 boulevard Raspail 75006 Paris

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Yasuko D'Hulst

Ingénieure d'études, documentaliste

More Posts - Website

Comment raconter Etô Shinpei (1834-1874), premier Ministre de la Justice de l’ère Meiji ?

Noriko BERLINGUEZ-KÔNO, maître de conférences à l’Université Lille 3 et chercheuse associée au CRJ, donnera une conférence dans le cadre du séminaire collectif du Centre Japon.

Jeudi 3 février 2011 de 11h à 13h
Salle 9 EHESS, 105 boulevard Raspail 75006 Paris
 

Cette conférence prévue le 20 janvier a été annulée. Elle aura bien lieu cependant le 3 février.